STUDY, PRESERVATION AND PROTECTION,
PROMOTION OF A LONG FOLK SONG
It should be noted that currently the Long Folk Song not only have being restored and disseminated at the national level of Mongolia, but the method and technique of singing of Long Folk Song, humanity and educational role of this unique long folk song have been being introduced to foreign singers for those who are interested in it. We think that our institute has been contributing our role to disseminate ideology of nomadic civilization through the teaching the Mongolian long folk songs to people from China, Japan, Germany and France. Mongolian nomadic civilization has a doctrine to balance the correlation between the nature and human by making it one of the preferred means of communication. Therefore, it is possible that a Mongolian long folk song can become an important intellectual tool in solving of some negative relationship problems between “human-nature” and “human-human” which are threatening today’s life of humankind. The Mongolian long song is the unique, meaningful, and aesthetic expression, which has been continuously accumulating for thousands of years of human life. This quality reflects that a long folk song is not only the heritage of Mongolians but also significantly important cultural intangible heritage of international community.
Since we started our activities, we have been paying particular attention to the Mongolian long folk song as one of the central elements of the traditional music of Mongolia that expresses structure of nomadic civilization and its traditional life style. In early 2000s, the study in this field was intensified, and the books, CDs and DVDs about the long folk songs were collected and registered. Additionally, origins of the long folk songs were documented through field study and database was started.
In 2008, we registered the Mongolian long folk song in the lists of UNESCO’s Cultural Intangible Heritage in collaboration with other researchers and organizations. Our institute has implemented the joint independent long folk song project with China between 2008 and 2010, with Russia between 2009 and 2010. As a result, our institute has its own fund of the “Mongolian Long Folk Song”. Three scientific conferences were also organized by our institute within the framework of a broad joint research work of three countries.
Our researchers have collected and documented as sound/audio and video records of the Mongolian long folk songs heritage at Dulaan Shand aimag of Qinghai (Khukh Nuur) province of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Republic of China. We have worked in the Buryatia and Tuva regions of Russian Federation and have learned the Mongolian long folk song heritage in those areas. Moreover, we collected the diverse long folk song heritages among different ethnic groups of Mongolia such as khalkh, oirad, dariganga, uzemchin, buryad. Consequently, we have accumulated the comprehensive documents of long folk song classes/genres of Mongols at our institute.
We have presented it more than 10 national and international conferences and have published more than 20 articles in various journals and newspapers based on findings of above-mentioned studies and researches.
Within the framework of Mongolian long folk song study, we have published a number of the books such as “A Study of Nomadic Cultural Behavior and Traditional Folklore of the Mongols” (2010), “Mongolian Long Folk Song Composition, Types and Aesthetics (2011)”, “Documenting of Long Folk Songs (2012)”, “Mongolian Traditional Long Folk Song and Inheritors (2013)”, “The Mongolian State Long Folk Song (2013 CD album)”, “Oirad Mongols’ Long Folk Song, Customs, and Inheritors (2016)”, “The Khalkh Mongols’ Long Folk Song and Customs– I (2018)”, “Inner Mongols’ Long Folk Song Heritage (2019)”. These books have been used in research, education and training programs, and advertisements as well. The above-mentioned books have made a great contribution to national and international researchers and amateurs for their studies and learning and thus, contributing to the great efforts of preserving, protecting and disseminating the long folk songs. We have been collaborating with national and international universities, governmental and non-governmental organizations in the last years and have reached to positive results. Namely, with the cooperation of NGOs such as the “Mongolian Long Folk Song Association” and the “Unu” Long Folk Song Ensemble” we have provided an opportunity for hundreds of members of these two organizations to learn to sing those forgotten long folk songs as a part of the program of restoring the forgotten long folk songs.