The Khalkh Mongols’ Long Folk Song and Customs

(Introduction of a Book)

As a result of our research, a long folk song of the Mongols is a unique form of  development of special connections in the human mind through interaction with nature. In the history of Mongolian long folk long, it has not only been developed  as an integral part of ordinary life, traditional customs, and practices but also it has been close connected with shamanism-buddism-statehood. Therefore, the results of the study of a long folk song implemented by our institute have the following importance. These include:

  1. To preserve and protect cultural identity of the Mongols;
  2. To pass a Mongolian long folk song from one generation to another, bearing spiritual culture, ethics, values, its richness and diversity;

       3.  It is worth mentioning that the results of the research study of a  Mongolian long folk song  are very important for dominant part of humankind. Because whenever new technologies enter each process,  human identity is increasingly blurred. In this regard, we consider that if anyone  (Japanese, German, Chinese or Swiss  so on) understands the deep meanings of a long folk song and wants to learn to sing it, they will have an opportunity to revive their natural insticts or feelings.

               In 2008-2018 the research project was implemented.  We have conducted a research study in 25 sums of 9 aimags involving 43 inheritors and have registered a total of 135 tunes sung by them in each region,  181 long folk songs by double counting,  26 tunes used for calls and cheers,  and 1 string cord of a horse-head fiddle; From among:  22 long folk songs of the Borjigin (ethnic group),  49 long folk songs by double counting,  7 tunes for animal calling chants,  2 tunes for a long folks song’s chorus, 1 lullaby,  1 string cord of a horse-head fiddle and tune used by the Borjigin people;  38 long folk songs of the Besud (ethnic group),  40 long folk songs by double counting, 1 tune for animal calling chants,  1 lullaby; 11 long folk songs of the Olkhonuud (ethnic group),  13 long folk songs by double counting, 2 tunes for animal calling chants ; 20 long folk songs of the Sartuul (ethnic group), 30 long folk songs by double counting, 6 tunes for animal calling chants, 2 chorus for a long folk song, 10 long folk songs of the Kharchin (ethnic group);  21 long folk songs of the Uriankhai (ethnic group), 3 tunes for animal calling chants,  2 chorus for a long folk song;  13 long folk songs of the Eljigin (ethnic group), 16 long folk songs by double counting, and 1 chorus. A total of  208 songs, tunes for calls and cheers have been registered in the fund of intangible cultural heritage.

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