A Mongolian-Chinese Joint Project entitled “Archeological Exploration and Research of Ancient Nomads in Mongolia”

In 2018, the  International  Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations in cooperation with the Inner Mongolia Museum of China carried out archeological excavation and research at archeological site called “Talyin gurvan kherem’’ in the territory of “Toglokh” bag  of Ogiinuur sum  of Arkhangai aimag. This  excavation was carried out as part of the project on Archeological Exploration and Research of  Ancient Nomads in Mongolia. From the Mongolian side participated by Prof. A.Ochir (Project Manager), Coordinator of International Projects of IISNC, Dr. S.Khurelsukh, G.Mandakhbayar (MA) while from the Chinese side participated by Prof. Chen Yong Zhi, Director of the Inner Mongolia Museum of China,  Associate Professor Saranbileg, and Dr. Chen Penfey in the project.

The ancient historical remains, called “Talyin Gurvan Kherem’’ by locals was discovered by D.Klemenz,  Russian scientist at the end of the 19th century, and then he defined it as a big settlement belonged to Khereid (aimag). Since then, other scientists have considered it as an ancient old city, but any building materials have never been found near the building structures and their surroundings, the three walls’ structures and organization are  similar, there is almost no difference between them, on the other hand, they are quite far from the river or water, and situated on the mountain slopes, therefore, it is uncertain as to the fact that they are urbanized based on aforementioned characteristics. Also it is interesting to note that the ancient structures found by Dr. A.Ochir  and  its other structures  located respectively in Ulaan Kherem of Bayannuur sum of Bulgan aimag, in the left side of “Khalzan” river of Batzengel sum of Arkhangai aimag, and in Bor Azarga Kherem are very similar to one another (Talyin Gurvan Kherem) in their external organization.

A Mongolian-Chinese joint field research team has started exploring archeological excavations  in this remains area of Talyin Gurvan Kherem since 2014, but as a result of a series of successive excavations, we discovered that this archeological monument was not a city but the earth construction was built for nomadic worship. We have sent the excavated tree samples to the laboratory of Beijing University of China, had it tested in C-14 analysis of archeological findings, which were referred to as from 170 year of Before the Common Era until 10 year of Common Era. In viewing from these, the ancient construction has led researchers to believe that it belonged to Hunnu based on the laboratory analysis, in addition, it is the same as primary sources.

This archeological monument (Talyin Gurvan Kherem) consists of three rectangle walls standing from the west to the east and have  a very well-organized earth construction inside each themselves. The write and middle walls are almost the same size but the left side wall is slightly smaller than the other walls. When the walls were constructed the earth of the ditch had been heaped into the wall on its outside, and has the entrance on each four side of it and there is a little earthen formation near the entrance as well as there is a large mound in the middle of the wall and  its southwestern side’s three earthen formations in single file have similar features in every wall. The large mound in the middle of the wall was constructed sitting many wooden poles in square shapes in the ground, intertying them with narrower, long woods and compacted the red clay earth overlying inside it. We think that this ancient construction was built by observing the principles of symmetry accurately. The archeological excavations will be continued in 2019.